Data Sheets

Stainless Steel   |   Duplex

1.4462 (2205) Sheet and Plate


Duplex stainless steels are extremely corrosion resistant, work hardenable alloys. Their microstructures consist of a mixture of austenite and ferrite phases. As a result, duplex stainless steels display properties characteristic of both austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. This combination of properties can mean some compromise when compared with pure austenitic and pure ferritic grades.
Duplex stainless steels are in most cases, tougher than ferritic stainless steels. Strengths of duplex stainless steels can in some cases be double that for austenitic stainless steels.
Whilst duplex stainless steels are considered resistant to stress corrosion cracking, they are not as resistant to this form of attack as ferritic stainless steels. However, the corrosion resistance of the least resistant duplex stainless steels is greater than that for the most commonly used grades of stainless steels, i.e. 304 and 316.
Duplex steels are also magnetic, a property that can be used to easily differentiate them from common austenitic grades of stainless.
Property data given in this document is typical for flat rolled products covered by EN 10088-2:2005. ASTM, EN or other standards may cover products sold. It is reasonable to expect specifications in these standards to be similar but not necessarily identical to those given in this datasheet.

Chemical Composition

EN 10088-2:2005
1.4462 Steel
Chemical Element % Present
Iron (Fe) balance
Sulphur (S) 0.02 max
Carbon (C) 0.03 max
Phosphorous (P) 0.03 max
Nitrogen (N) 0.1 - 0.22
Silicon (Si) 1 max
Manganese (Mn) 2 max
Molybdenum (Mo) 2.5 - 3.5
Nickel (Ni) 4.5 - 6.5
Chromium (Cr) 21 - 23

Alloy Designations

Grade 1.4462/2205 is similar to but may not be a direct equivalent:

UNS S31803

UNS S32205

BS 318S13

Supplied Forms

  • Fittings & Flanges
  • Pipe
  • Plate
  • Sheet
  • Tube
  • Bar

Generic Physical Properties

Physical Property Value
Density 7.805 g/cm³
Thermal Expansion 13.7 x10^-6 /K
Modulus of Elasticity 200 GPa
Thermal Conductivity 19.0 W/m.K
Electrical Resistivity 0.85 x10^-6 Ω .m

Mechanical Properties

EN 10088-2:2005
Sheet - Up to 8mm thick
Mechanical Property Value
Proof Stress 500 Min MPa
Tensile Strength 700 to 950 MPa
Elongation A50 mm 20 Min %
EN 10088-2:2005
Plate - over 8mm to 13.5mm Thick
Mechanical Property Value
Proof Stress 460 Min MPa
Tensile Strength 700 to 950 MPa
Elongation A50 mm 25 Min %
EN 10088-2:2005
Plate - Over 13.5mm to 75mm Thick
Mechanical Property Value
Proof Stress 460 Min MPa
Tensile Strength 640 to 840 MPa
Elongation A50 mm 25 Min %

Values listed above are for 1.4462 sheet / Plate


Duplex stainless steels are typically used in:

~ Chemical processing, transport and storage

~ Oil and gas exploration and offshore rigs

~ Oil and gas refining

~ Marine environments

~ Pollution control equipment

~ Pulp & paper manufacturing

~ Chemical process plant


Duplex stainless steels have good weldability. All standard welding processes can be used. They are not quite as easily welded as the austenitic grades but low thermal expansion in duplex grades reduces distortion and residual stresses after welding. The recommended filler material for 2205 stainless steel is 2209.


Fabrication of all stainless steels should be done only with tools dedicated to stainless steel materials. Tooling and work surfaces must be thoroughly cleaned before use. These precautions are necessary to avoid cross contamination of stainless steel by easily corroded metals that may discolour the surface of the fabricated product.


Although machinable, the high strengths of duplex stainless steels makes machining difficult. As an example, machining of 2205 is around 20% slower than for 304.


Machining can be enhanced by using the following rules:


~ Cutting edges must be kept sharp. Dull edges cause excess work hardening.

~ Cuts should be light but deep enough to prevent work hardening by riding on the surface of the material.

~ Chip breakers should be employed to assist in ensuring swarf remains clear of the work

~ Low thermal conductivity of austenitic alloys results in heat concentrating at the cutting edges. This means coolants and lubricants are necessary and must be used in large quantities.

Heat Treatment

Duplex stainless steels cannot be hardened by heat treatment. They can however be work hardened.

Solution treatment or annealing can be done by rapid cooling after heating to around 1100°C.

Corrosion Resistance

Duplex stainless steels are extremely corrosion resistant. They have high resistance to intergranular corrosion. Even in chloride and sulphide environments, duplex stainless steels exhibit very high resistance to stress corrosion cracking.

The super duplex grades are even more resistant to corrosion.

Heat Resistance


The high chromium content of duplex stainless steels that protects against corrosion, causes embrittlement at temperatures over about 300°C.

At low temperatures duplex stainless steels have better ductility than the ferritic and martensitic grades. Duplex grades can readily  be used down to at least -50°C.