Datasheets

Copper~Brass~Bronze // General Information

This datasheet provides an outline of the large number of extensive EN Standards covering Copper and Copper Alloys.

Other datasheets on this Aalco web site do provide further information on individual alloys including compositions and Mechanicla Properties.

An excellent further reference providing much more detail on Alloy Compositions, Mechanical Properties, etc. - Publication 120 - in available from the Copper Development Association: www.cda.org.uk

For information on Product Tolerances please refer to the latest edition of the published EN Standard.

EN Standards for Copper Alloys

This table lists relevant EN Standards and the nearest equivalent old BS Standard

 

Product FormEN StandardOld BS Standard
Free Machining Rod121642874
Plate1652, 16532875 Pt 3
Sheet, Strip & Foil1172, 1652, 1653, 16542870
Tube - Water, Gas, Sanitation10572871 Pt 1
Tube - General Purpose124492871 Pt 2
Tube - Heat Exchangers124512871 Pt 3
Copper Rod & Bar - Electrical Uses136011433
High Conductivity Copper (Oxygen Free)136042901

EN Alloys Numbering System

The system uses 6 characters. 

 

The first character is a C for Copper-based alloys. 

 

The second character is a letter from the table below.

 

The third, fourth and fifth characters comprise a 3-digit number, which with a sixth character (a letter) indicate the alloy group.   These number series and corresponding letters are also shown in the table below.

 

An example is CW614N.

 

Character/DigitsKey
BIngot for re-melting to produce cast products
CCast Products
FFiller Materials for Brazing and Welding
MMaster Alloys
RRefined Unwrought Copper
SScrap
WWrought Products
XNon-Standardised Materials
000 to 099 A or BPure Copper
100 to 199 C or DCopper Alloys with less than 5% added elements
200 to 299 E or FMiscellaneous Copper Alloys with more than 5% added elements
300 to 349 GCopper-Aluminium Alloys
350-399 HCopper-Nickel Alloys (Cupro-Nickel)
400 to 449 JCopper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys
450 to 499 KCopper-Tin Alloys
500 to 599 L or MCopper-Zinc Alloys - Binary
600 to 699 N or PCopper-Zind-Lead Alloys
700 to 799 R or SCopper-Zinc Alloys - Complex

Converting Old BS Alloy to EN Alloy

Old BS AlloyEN AlloyNotes
C101CR004A
C104CR008A
C106CR024A
CZ106CW505L
CZ108CW508L
CZ112CW712RNaval Brass
CZ114CW721R & CW722RHigh Tensile Brass / Manganese Bronze
CZ121CW614NFree Machining Brass
CZ130CW624N
CZ131CW606NRiveting Quality Brass
CA104CW307GAluminium Bronze
PB102CW451KPhosphor Bronze

Diameter Tolerances - Free Machining Rod

These tolerances are extracted from EN 12164: 2011 (E). 

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

Diameter (MM)Tolerance (mm) - Class A
Over 2.0 to 3.0-0 / +0.04
Over 3.0 to 6.0+0 / -0.05
Over 6.0 to 10.0+0 / -0.06
Over 10.0 to 18.0+0 / -0.07
Over 18.0 to 30.0+0 / -0.08
Over 30.0 to 50.0+0 / -0.16
Over 50.0 to 80.0+0 / -0.19

Width Across Flats Tolerance - Free Machining Hex

These tolerances are extracted from EN 12164: 2011 (E). 

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

Width Across Flats (mm)Tolerance (mm)
Over 2.0 to 3.0+0 / -0.06
Over 3.0 to 6.0+0 / -0.08
Over 6.0 to 10.0+0 / -0.09
Over 10.0 to 18.0+0 / -0.11
Over 18.0 to 30.0+0 / -0.13
Over 30.0 to 50.0+0 / -16
Over 50.0 to 60.0+0 / -0.19

Thickness Tolerances - Hot Rolled Plate

These tolerances are extracted from EN 1652: 1997. 

 

They apply to plates of width 1000mm to 1500mm only. 

 

Note that wider tolerances apply for some alloys, including CW702R

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

Thickness (mm)Tolerance in mm Plus or Minus (+ or -)
Up to 2.5By Agreement
Over 2.5 to 5.00.35
Over 5.0 to 7.50.45
Over 7.5 to 10.00.55
Over 10.0 to 15.00.90
Over 15.0 to 25.01.30
Over 25.0 to 50.01.50
Over 50.01.80

Thickness Tolerances - Cold Rolled Sheet & Strip

These tolerances are extracted from EN 1652: 1997. 

 

They apply to sheets of width 1000mm to 1250mm only. 

 

Note that wider tolerances (multiply those below by 1.250) apply for some alloys, including CW702R.

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

Thickness (mm)Tolerance in mm Plus or Minus (+ or -)
Over 0.3 to 0.40.07
Over 0.4 to 0.50.08
Over 0.5 to 0.80.09
Over 0.8 to 1.20.10
Over 1.2 to 1.80.11
Over 1.8 to 2.50.13
Over 2.5 to 3.20.17
Over 3.2 to 4.00.20
Over 4.0 to 5.00.23
Over 5.0 to 6.00.26
Over 6.0 to 7.00.29
Over 7.0 to 8.00.32
Over 8.0 to 9.00.35
Over 9.0 to 10.00.38

Diameter Tolerances - General Purpose Tube

These tolerances are extracted from EN 12449: 1999. 

 

Tolerances shown are in mm plus or minus (+ or -)

 

Tolerances in column 2 are applicable to the mean diameter.

 

Tolerances in column 3 are applicable to any diameter and have a number of exclusions including colied tubes and annealed tubes.

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

O/D (mm)Tol + or - on mean diameterTol + or - on mean diameter
Over 3.0 to 10.00.060.12
Over 10.0 to 20.00.080.16
Over 20.0 to 30.00.120.24
Over 30.0 to 50.00.150.30
Over 50.0 to 100.00.200.50
Over 100.0 to 200.00.501.0
Over 200.0 to 300.00.751.5
Over 300.0 to 450.01.02.0

Wall Thickness Tolerances - General Purrpose Tube

These tolerances are extracted from EN 12449: 1999. 

 

In the header of columns 2 to 6: t is the nominal wall thickness in mm.  In the rest of columns 2 to 6 is the tolerance plus or minus (+ or -) in mm.

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

 

O/D (mm)t 0.3 to 1.0t 1.01 to 3.0t 3.01 to 6.0t 6.01 to 10.0t Over 10.0
3 to 40.015131110-
40.01 to 1201513121110
120.1 to 250-13131211
250.1 to 450--151515

Diameter Tolerances - Heat Exchanger Tube

These tolerances are extracted from EN 12451: 1999. 

 

For full detail please refer to the complete standard.

O/D (mm) Tolerance in mm
6.0 to 14.0+0 / -0.12
Over 14.0 to 26+0 / -0.20
Over 26.0 to 76.0+0 / -0.30

This Data is indicative only and as such is not to be relied upon in place of the full specification. In particular, mechanical property requirements vary widely with temper, product and product dimensions. All information is based on our present knowledge and is given in good faith. No liability will be accepted by the Company in respect of any action taken by any third party in reliance thereon.

Please note that the 'Datasheet Update' date shown above is no guarantee of accuracy or whether the datasheet is up to date.

The information provided in this datasheet has been drawn from various recognised sources, including EN Standards, recognised industry references (printed & online) and manufacturers’ data. No guarantee is given that the information is from the latest issue of those sources or about the accuracy of those sources.

Material supplied by the Company may vary significantly from this data, but will conform to all relevant and applicable standards.

As the products detailed may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company has no control over their use; the Company specifically excludes all conditions or warranties expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions, properties and/or fitness for any particular purpose, whether expressed or implied.

Advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that party’s assistance only and without liability on the part of the Company. All transactions are subject to the Company’s current Conditions of Sale. The extent of the Company’s liabilities to any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions; a copy of which is available on request.

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